Aggression in team sports A quantitative investigation of reversal theory motives

Eric Fruchart *, Patricia Rulence-Pâques ** and Etienne Mullet ***

(*) Laboratoire Europeen Performance Santé Altitude, University of Perpignan Via Domitia1, France
(**) ULRT 4072- PSITEC, University of Lille, France
(***) Institute of Advanced Studie, Paris, France

Citation

Fruchart, E., Rulence-Pâques, P., Mullet, E. (2020). Aggression in team sports A quantitative investigation of reversal theory motives. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 51(4), 383-399. doi:10.7352/IJSP.2020.51.383

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Two quantitative studies examined the structure of motives for aggression among players practising team sports (rink-hockey, handball, football, rugby, and basketball). METHOD: In both studies, the participants filled in a 48-item questionnaire that was created from all eight dimensions suggested by reversal theory. In study 1, Exploratory Factor Analysis was conducted. In study 2, Confirmatory Factor Analysis was performed. RESULTS: In the first study, a three-factor structure of motives was found: A Motives Related to Egocentrism factor, a Motives Related to Negativistic Reaction factor, and a Motives Related to Game Purpose factor. The second study confirmed the three-factor structure of motives for aggression in team sport. The mean scores observed for the Motives Related to Negativistic factor and the Motives Related to Game Purpose factor were higher than the Motives Related to Egocentrism factor. CONCLUSION: The results partially supported reversal theory-based predictions about multiple motives for aggression in sport.

Keywords: Aggression; Team Sports, Quantitative Method; Motives; Reversal Theory


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