Multiple mediation effects of peer relationship and social withdrawal in relationship between self-esteem and multicultural acceptance in multicultural youth participating in physical activity

Yoongu Lee *, Jian Kim ** and Aeryung Hong **

(*) Department of Sports Science, Sun Moon University, Asan, Republic of Korea
(**) Department of Sports and Dance, Sangmyung University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Citation

Lee, Y., Kim, J., Hong, A. (2022). Multiple mediation effects of peer relationship and social withdrawal in relationship between self-esteem and multicultural acceptance in multicultural youth participating in physical activity. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 53(1), 83-97. doi:10.7352/IJSP.2022.53.083

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effect of peer relationship and social withdrawal on the relationship between self-esteem and multicultural acceptance of multicultural adolescents participating in physical activity. 192 multicultural adolescents were selected as research participants. First, the results suggest that self-esteem and peer relationships positively affect multicultural acceptance but social withdrawal does not affect multicultural acceptance in multicultural youth participating in PE activities. Second, the results show that self-esteem positively affects peer relationships and negatively affects social withdrawal in multicultural youth. Lastly, the results on the effects of multiple mediation of peer relationships and social withdrawal in the relationship between self-esteem and multicultural acceptance showed that only peer relationships had a mediating effect. In conclusion, the role of peer relationship between self-esteem and multicultural acceptance is important, and a variety of physical activity programs for multicultural youth should be developed in order to form a friendly relationship.

Keywords: Multicultural Youth, Self-esteem, Multicultural Acceptance, Peer Relationship, Social Withdrawal


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