The effects of Video Modeling on Children’s Self-Regulation in Physical Education

Athanasia Chatzipanteli, Kornilia Fotiadou, Charalampos Krommidas, Alexandros Fotiadis, Athanasios G. Papaioannou and Nikolaos Digelidis

University of Thessaly, Greece


Chatzipanteli, A., Fotiadou, K., Krommidas, C., Fotiadis, A., G. Papaioannou, A., Digelidis, N. (2023). The effects of Video Modeling on Children’s Self-Regulation in Physical Education. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 54(5), 404-421. doi:10.7352/IJSP.2023.54.404


Video modeling is a type of observational learning that can influence students’ motor skill development. The present study was designed to investigate the influence of video modeling on students’ self-regulation in physical education classes. Two classes of 45 students (24 boys and 21 girls) aged 8 years were randomly assigned into two groups: the class that observed a video of an expert model performing the kick was the video modeling group; and the class that ob served their teacher’s performance was the live modeling group. Students were taught football skills, twice a week for four weeks. Before and after the intervention, students had to perform a kick in a soccer box. The use of self-regulation strategies during the tests was assessed through structured interview questions after performances. The statistical analysis showed that both groups developed their self-regulation abilities. The results of this study suggest that video modeling improves self-regulation in children and should be used by practitioners.

Keywords: Video modeling, live modeling, self-regulation, early childhood, physical education