A. Rui Gomes *, Clara Simães **, Catarina Morais *** and Rui Resende ****
(*) University of Minho, School of Psychology, Portugal
(**) University of Minho, School of Nursing, Portugal
(***) Research Centre for Human Development, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Porto
(****) University Institute of Maia, Portugal
Rui Gomes, A., Simães, C., Morais, C., Resende, R. (2021). Psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Sport Leadership Scale comparison to Multifactorial Leadership Questionnaire. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 52(3), 189-212. doi:10.7352/IJSP.2021.52.189
Clarifying the actions of leaders and reducing construct redundancy in evaluation leadership is vital to improve knowledge about leadership. This study compares the psychometric properties of Multidimensional Sport Leadership Scale (MSLS; Gomes & Resende, 2014) and Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ-5X; Bass & Avolio, 2000). Data collection included 379 athletes competing at national level of collective sports. Athletes fulfilled the MSL, MLQ-5X, and the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ; Riener & Chelladurai, 1998). Data analysis included construct validity, scale reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. Construct validity revealed original structures of MSLS and MLQ-5X, although MLQ-5X presented higher problems of internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) and of convergent validity than MSLS. Transformational constructs of both instruments revealed convergent validity with satisfaction with leadership of ASQ instrument but MLQ-5X transactional constructs assumed stronger correlation with ASQ than the MSLS transactional constructs. In conclusion, MSLS revealed better psychometric properties than MLQ-5X, representing an alternative to evaluate leadership.
Keywords: Decision-making, Leadership, Transformational leadership, Transactional leadership, Sports coaches