Aerobic fitness and neurocognitive performance in older adults from Kansas and Costa Rica

Mónica Salazar-Villanea *, Yamileth Chacón-Araya **/***, Amber Watts ****, Eric D. Vidoni ****, Sandra A. Billinger *****, David K. Johnson ****** and José Moncada-Jiménez **/***

(*) Psychological Research Institute (IIP), University of Costa Rica, Costa Rica
(**) Human Movement Sciences Research Center (CIMOHU), University of Costa Rica, Costa Rica
(***) School of Physical Education and Sports, University of Costa Rica, Costa Rica
(****) Alzheimer’s Disease Center, University of Kansas, USA
(*****) Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Kansas, USA
(******) Alzheimer’s Disease Center-East Bay, University of California at Davis, USA

Citation

Salazar-Villanea, M., Chacón-Araya, Y., Watts, A., D. Vidoni, E., A. Billinger, S., K. Johnson, D., Moncada-Jiménez, J. (2021). Aerobic fitness and neurocognitive performance in older adults from Kansas and Costa Rica. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 52(3), 248-265. doi:10.7352/IJSP.2021.52.248

Abstract

The aging individuals have a high incidence of physical and cognitive impairment (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease, AD) (Cunningham, McGuinness, Herron, & Passmore, 2015; Miljkovic, Lim, Miljkovic, & Frontera, 2015). High income countries are pushing morbidity back toward the end of life while the opposite is true in low-and-middle-income countries, primarily due to inadequate reduction in risk factors for neurological disorders such as cardiovascular disease (Silberberg, Anand, Michels, & Kalaria, 2015).

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