Logan Johnsen,, Rosalyn Stoa and Jana Fogaca
University of Wisconsin- Green Bay, Wisconsin, USA
Johnsen,, L., Stoa, R., Fogaca, J. (2021). To Be or Not to Be Paid? The motivational effects of scholarship removal on Division I NCAA swimmers. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 52(5), 432-449. doi:10.7352/IJSP.2021.52.432
anticipating the unwilling removal of athletic scholarship. As part of a national study, 62 swimmers completed the SIMS at the beginning of the season (T1) and end of the season (T2), including swimmers from University X (N = 17) who would lose their scholarships the following season. University X participants completed five open-ended questions at T2 regarding their loss of scholarship. Two ANCOVAs with motivation at T1 and gender as covariates compared the motivation at T2 between swimmers who lost their scholarships and the control group. Intrinsic motivation significantly decreased for those who lost their scholarship. Amotivation did not significantly change. Analysis of the open-ended questions showed mixed reactions but found many referenced their three basic needs of self-determination theory were not being met. Our results could increase understanding of the effect of external rewards on intrinsic motivation.
Keywords: Intrinsic Motivation, NCAA athletes, Scholarship, Removal